An Outline of the Book of Romans: Justification by Faith


outline of the book of romans

This outline of Romans is intended to assist you as you study God’s Word. The book of Romans is the theological masterpiece of the New Testament. It is placed first in every list of Paul’s epistles, although it is not the first written. From Romans 16 it can be deduced that a large proportion of the Christians in Rome were slaves or freedmen/women (at least 14 out of 24 names were commonly used slave names). 8 out of 14 seem to be fairly well-to-do. The Christians met in house churches. Two Outlines of Romans. Two Roman outlines are included here. The book of Romans is the Apostle Paul's masterpiece, a carefully constructed summary of Christian theology. Romans explains God's plan of salvation by grace, through faith in Jesus Christ. Divinely inspired, Paul passed on truths that are followed by believers to this day.

Introduction - Overview Of Romans |

This letter is arguably the most important document of the Christian faith; it stands behind virtually all great movements of God in the last years. Although there is no dispute about Pauline authorship, it may be helpful to rehearse, in brief, why that is the case.

The ancient writers regularly included Romans in their list of authentic documents. Marcion, the Muratorian fragment, outline of the book of romans, and a steady stream of patristic writers beginning with Ignatius, Polycarp, Justin Martyr, and Irenaeus all assume its Pauline authorship without defense.

If the claim of the apostle to have written the Galatian and Corinthian letters is accepted, there is no reasonable basis for denying that he wrote Romans, since it echoes much of what is in the earlier writings, yet not slavishly. In other words, once we outline of the book of romans some letter claiming Paul as its author on grounds which are unassailablethen we have a standard of comparison.

The Corinthian letters and Galatians have been just such benchmarks of authenticity. And Romans fits in with their style and theological viewpoint; further, it poses no historical or other e.

This epistle can be dated with relative certainty. It was written between 56 and 57 CE. Paul states in that he has outline of the book of romans completed the raising of funds for the poor believers in Jerusalem after visiting the believers in Macedonia and Achaia.

This corresponds to Actsidentifying the time of composition as the year after Paul left Ephesus on his third missionary journey. Harrison states succinctly:. Possibly in the spring of 52 he went to Caesarea and Jerusalem, stopping at Antioch on the way back and probably spending the winter of 52 there.

Presumably, his return to Ephesus was in the spring of 53, marking the beginning of a three-year ministry there Acts At the end of 56 he spent three months in Corinth Actsstarting his final trip to Jerusalem in the spring of When he wrote Romans the fund of the Jerusalem church seems to have been finally completed Rom. This may indicate a date in early 57 rather than late 56 for the writing of the letter. The fund was incomplete when Paul, on the way from Ephesus to Corinth, wrote 2 Cor.

Paul was in Greece when he wrote the letter, most likely in Corinth. Romansoutline of the book of romans, 15 identify this letter as being sent to the Christians at Rome.

But there was probably a strong Jewish element as well because 1 the heavy use of the OT suggests this and 2 since Paul did not found this church, most likely the Jewish element would be stronger than in one of his congregations.

The occasion and purpose are so intertwined for this epistle that they must be treated as one. Paul expressed his desire to go west all the way to Spain Since he had already proclaimed the gospel in the major centers in the east, it now seemed good to him to go west. Antioch had provided that in the east and Ephesus had in Asia Minor; Paul was hoping that Rome would in the west.

Consequently, he wrote this letter, explaining his gospel carefully and fully, in the hopes that the Roman Christians would embrace him and it completely.

Further, since his life had already been in much danger from the Jews Acts13;Paul may have sensed the need to pen his thoughts about the gospel in a systematic way, rather than due to occasional circumstances.

All of the above explain why Paul wrote what he wrote to whom he wrote—except for chapters 9— Baur suggested that this was the heart of the epistle, while most today do not know what to do with it. Recently, outline of the book of romans, Paul B. Although Fowler goes too far in seeing a response to anti-Semitism as the primary purpose of Romans, I think he is right that this forms part of the purpose.

In light of Romthere is no doubt that the church at Rome was not founded by an apostle. This suggests that Peter was not yet in Rome. Most likely, the church came into existence through the converts who returned to Rome form Jerusalem after the feast of Pentecost in 33 CE Acts There are good internal and external arguments which seem to indicate that Romans ended at chapter 15 or 14 rather than at chapter These need to be weighed carefully.

This may indicate that chapter 16 was part of a letter originally sent to Ephesus where Paul had ministered for three years. Further, when Paul wrote to Timothy, they are again in Ephesus 2 Tim Further, though normally dated at c. These data can be variously interpreted.

Some suggest that a letter to Ephesus has been appended to a letter to the Romans. Hence, the laundry list of names in chapter Although this is possible, one wonders why the husk greetings-list of a letter sent to Ephesus would be preserved while its grain the doctrinal and ethical core was not.

Further, the only other letter in which Paul greets many people by name is Colossians—sent to a church he had not visited. Further, even though P 46 places the doxology at the end of chapter 15, it still has chapter In fact, no extant MS lacks these last two chapters. Others have suggested, primarily on the various locations of the doxology, that two editions of Romans had been published by Paul—the longer one sent to the Romans, the shorter one sent out as a circular letter.

Hort went so far as to suggest that the shorter edition was created by outline of the book of romans later writer for liturgical lectionary reading purposes. Again, although this is possible, it falls shipwreck on the rocks of textual evidence. Every known MS has all 16 chapters of Romans. Something, however, outline of the book of romans, must account for the migrations of the doxology. As time progressed, the last two chapters or last chapter were added to these short editions, but without the concomitant replacement of the doxology.

Paul opens his epistle to the Romans with the longest introduction of any of his canonical works Here he greets the saints whom he had never met, and expresses both thanks for them and a deep desire to visit them The theme of the epistle dealing with the righteousness of Godat the end of this introductionserves as a bridge into the body of the book.

The transition is especially seen in comparing vv. This second section of the epistle outline of the book of romanswhose theme is the imputation of righteousness i. Paul first elaborates on the sinfulness of humanity —demonstrating the universal need of righteousness. He begins by picking the most obvious example: the guilt of the Gentiles The reasons for this guilt are first mentioned: they have suppressed the knowledge of God But lest the Jews think that they are any less guilty, Paul addresses their sin — In fact, he argues that, if anything, outline of the book of romans, they are more guilty than the Gentiles because they have revelation from God and are his privileged peopleyet they are hypocritical about true, internal righteousness Now that Paul has established the need for righteousness for all people, he demonstrates its provision — First, it has been revealed through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ, being granted to all who put their trust in him Second, the terms for bestowal of this righteousness namely, faith are the same for all, because God is One In essence, Abraham is seen to be father both of the Jews and of the Greeks—that is, he is a type of those who are saved by faith.

This is illustrated by evidence that Abraham was not justified by worksnor by circumcisionbut exclusively by faith in the promises of God So too his spiritual offspring are justified by faith rather than by law Thus Abraham is seen to outline of the book of romans the universal forefather of all believers, whether Jew or Greek. Paul transitions the faith of Abraham to our faith in Christthen concludes the section on justification with the implications of this justification In many ways, — is an apologetic with being the application.

Since all are sinners and since there is no partiality with Godboth Jews and Gentiles must obtain this righteousness in the same way and the same God must be God of all There is no getting around it: if a man has Christ, he has peace with God right now—and the Law adds nothing to his salvation Consequently, he exults in the hope of the glory of God This salvation is truly marvelous, for sinners qua sinners were completely unable to deal with their sin.

But Christ came at the right time and died for such This is the third major section of the epistle, outline of the book of romans. In some ways there is a neat trilogy found in these first eight chapters. The apostle first discusses justification which is salvation from the penalty of sin — Then he deals with sanctification or salvation from the power of sin — Finally, he addresses glorification which is salvation from the presence of sin Paul lays out his views on sanctification using the twin themes of reigning and slavery.

He begins by contrasting the reign of grace with the reign of sin Although many NT students would place under the second major section i. In Paul moves beyond the legal issue of justification.

What is essential to get here is that imputed righ t eousness addresses the condemnation of the law while imparted righteousness addresses the inability of the flesh. That is to say, justification is forensic, stating emphatically that our position before God is one of righteousness.

But justification, like the Law, can do nothing against the flesh. That is why Paul now turns to imparted righteousness and gives the basis as our union with Christ. Our union with Christ is more than forensic; it is organic, outline of the book of romans. Since believers are in Christ—and therefore they are assured of their salvation, why should they not continue sinning? Paul answers this in the second portion of this section Having established the reasons why we should not sin, Paul now turns to the issue of how not to sin — Negatively, neither our flesh nor the Law can do anything for us in this endeavor Positively, we are sanctified through the ministry of the Spirit Chapter seven in notoriously difficult to interpret, outline of the book of romans.

If so, is he speaking about his former life as an unbeliever or his present life as a Christian? Can both chapters seven and eight be true of him at the same time?


Outline of the Book of Romans


outline of the book of romans


Outline of the Book of Romans Introduction: During the year 57 BC the apostle Paul was in the city of Corinth. A great need had arisen in Jerusalem due to many saints living in poverty (Acts , Romans , I Cor. and II Cor. ). Paul’s intentions were to. The focus of the “righteousness of God” is foundational throughout the book of Romans. In fact, it is threaded through every section of the basic outline of this epistle. Paul reiterates this so that the reader may realize that salvation cannot be attained through man’s good deeds but only through faith in God’s righteousness. This outline of Romans is intended to assist you as you study God’s Word. The book of Romans is the theological masterpiece of the New Testament. It is placed first in every list of Paul’s epistles, although it is not the first written.